COTTON HARVESTER FOR PLANTING UNDER THE FILM AND CONVENTIONAL SOWING KHALIKOV X
Khalikov, Ashimbek (EN)
(73) patent holder(s):
Khalikov, Ashimbek (EN)
(54) COTTON HARVESTER FOR PLANTING UNDER THE FILM AND CONVENTIONAL SOWING KHALIKOV X
The invention relates to agricultural engineering. The pneumatic jet cotton harvester contains working chambers grouped into separate blocks, which contain pressure paths with swinging nozzles, transport paths and partitions. Individual blocks are installed at different heights relative to each other. The working chamber is made with the possibility of sliding along the width to place a brush lift in the middle of the working chamber with an upward-pointing nozzle located on it, and in the lower part of the chamber there are upward-pointing nozzles. The cotton harvester provides efficient cotton harvesting. 7 FF.
A cotton harvester for harvesting single-row or double-row cotton crops can be made up of two sections for simultaneous processing of two rows and works as follows. Air from the fan enters the pipe, the shell of which is rotated by the drive. When the shell rotates, the channels are opened alternately for air to flow through the nozzles and a stationary jet is formed, changing in direction. When the device moves along the bed, cotton bushes fall into the zone of action of outgoing jets. If the cotton boxes fall into the area of the jet, the cotton is removed from the bushes. Raw cotton, knocked out of the box, enters the hopper through the cotton intake pipe. For one turn of the shell, the Bush is processed sequentially in height, and its tiered processing is carried out with nozzles. In this case, we use well-known mechanisms, and we don't need to invent new ones. Universalization consists of changing and adding elements, namely, adding the possibility of expanding the camera and an additional device. Various tools can be used to expand the camera: hydraulic, telescopic, or worm systems. The most reliable system for setting up the working chamber is a mechanical one, i.e. a worm mechanism.
Pneumatic jet cotton harvester (Fig. 1) consists of:
5-lifting control system and cleaning and transport mode settings,
6-compressed air supply system to the sweeper.
1 shows a General view of a cotton harvester; Fig. 2 shows a cleaning apparatus; Fig. 3 - removable medium the nozzle node, customtheme; Fig. 4 - scheme of planting to one row in Fig. 5 - the scheme of planting two rows; in addition, Fig. 6 shows a view for cleaning double-row sowing and Fig. 7 - view of the Assembly apparatus.
The cotton harvester is adjusted as necessary for single-or double-row seeding, as shown in Fig. 2. to do this, the housing 2.1 pulls the nozzle block 2.2 using a sliding mechanism 2.3. a removable nozzle Assembly is Installed (Fig. 3). On the Assembly body (Fig. 7) after the side nozzle units 2 are extended, an additional device 2.4 is installed for two-row crops. Fig. 3 the assembled view 3.2 of the side-shifted nozzle unit 3.4 the removed Central nozzle unit, 7.5-the connection points of the cotton suction, the branch pipe for sending to the hopper Fig. 4 Central removable nozzle Assembly. 3.1-Bush lift, 3.2-nozzle Assembly, 3.3 - ledges adjustable Bush, 3.4 - place of attachment to the main body of the device, 3.5-pipe for supplying compressed air, 3.6-mechanism for protection against Bush failure. Fig. 4 is a single-row and Fig. 5 is a double - row sowing of cotton (in addition, for clarification, the author gives Fig. 6, which shows the type of working condition during two-row sowing, and Fig. 7-an image of the harvesting device Assembly).
Pneumatic jet cotton harvester is proposed by the author for use when sowing cotton under a film, in the system of unified technology. The technology regulates growth and shortens the growing season, which ensures simultaneous maturation of all fruits. A high economic effect of using harvesting equipment is provided. It can also be used for conventional technology. The technique can only be used after defoliation of cotton fields.
Pneumatic jet cotton harvester containing working chambers grouped into separate blocks, in which there are pressure paths with swinging nozzles, transport paths and partitions, and the individual blocks are installed at different heights relative to each other, characterized in that the working chamber is made with the possibility of sliding along the width to place in the middle of the working chamber of the brush lift with an upward-pointing nozzle located on it, and in the lower part of the chamber there are upward-pointing nozzles.